Adam and Charles Black's 1851 map of South America. This map covers the entire continent from the Caribbean to Tierra del Fuego and from the Pacific to the Atlantic, including the Falkland Islands. Depicts the continent in impressive detail – especially the interior, which at the time was largely unknown.Much of South America was, at this time, embroiled in or about to become embroiled in, severe civil strife. The new nations, freed from Spanish dominance though various wars of liberation in the previous decades, were struggling with their newfound independence in an attempt create stable and prosperous governments. Most would dissolve into civil war between 1858 and 1864.Throughout, the map identifies various cities, towns, rivers, mountain passes and an assortment of additional topographical details. Map is hand colored in pink, green and yellow pastels to define boundaries. The map is engraved by Sidney Hall and issued as plate no. LL in the 1851 edition of Black's General Atlas.