A beautiful 1855 first edition example of Colton's map of Canada's Maritime Provinces, including New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Prince edward Island. Like most of Colton's North America maps, this map was derived from an earlier wall map of the region produced by Colton and D. Griffing Johnson. The map covers all of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Prince edward, along with a portion of adjacent Quebec. Canadian provinces and territories were under British and French control from the 16th century, until France gave up its claims in the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Canada would remain a collection of British colonies until its confederation in 1867, when the British colonies of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia would become Canadian provinces along with Ontario and Quebec. Although known as the 'Birthplace of Confederation,' Prince edward Island would only join the confederation in 1873. This map also identifies various forts, rivers, mountain passes, fords, and an assortment of additional topographical details. Map is hand colored in pink, green, yellow and blue pastels to define state and territorial boundaries. Surrounded by Colton's typical spiral motif border. Dated and copyrighted to J. H. Colton, 1855. Published from Colton's 172 William Street Office in New York City. Issued as page no. 4 in volume 1 of Colton's 1856 Atlas of the World.