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  • MUSEUM QUALITY INKS AND PAPER: Printed on thick 192gsm heavyweight matte paper with archival giclee inks, this historic fine art will decorate your wall for years to come.
  • VINTAGE MAP REPRODUCTION: Add style to any room's decor with this beautiful print. Whether your interior design is modern or classic, a map is never out of fashion.
  • ATTENTION TO DETAIL: We edit every antique map for image quality, color and vibrance, so it can look its best while retaining historical character. Makes a great gift!
  • FRAME READY: Your unframed poster will arrive crease-free, rolled in a sturdy mailing tube. Many maps fit easy-to-find standard size frames 16x20, 16x24, 18x24, 24x30, 24x36, saving on custom framing.
  • Watermarks will not appear in the printed picture. Some blemishes, tears, or stamps may be removed from the final print.

A scarce World War I era satirical map illustrating the political situation in Europe in c. 1914. This map was first issued in Poland where it was drawn by the Warsaw artist Vladislav Levinsky. Warsaw at the time being one of the largest cities in the Russian Empire, the 'Russian Perspective' is apparent. The image is dominated by the glorious and serene figure of Tzar Nicholas II who is poking Germany, illustrated as a raging bull focused on France, represented by Marianne, the symbol of the French Republic, riding a great Cockerel (from the Latin Gallus, meaning both 'Gaul' and 'Cockerel'). Behind the Tzar the endless armies of Russia mobilize – a reference to Tzar Nicholas II's July 1914 decision to mobilize the Russian army, this 'prodding' Germany to declare ware, which it swiftly did. Hapsburg Austria is depicted a dead field with grave markers and an upside down fallen crown. England, at sea, hides behind her Navy. Finland is full of wild animals. Norway and Sweden are stereotypically beautiful maidens. Turkey, wearing a fez in front of the Hagia Sophia, is beheading women with a sickle – doubtless a reference to the horrors of the Armenian Genocide. Italy has his backed turned on Austria, but is keeping a wary eye on events unfolding to the north. Spain and Portugal are Neutral, but Alfonso in xIII, a known auto enthusiast is shown behind the wheel.

This map appeared in several additions with only minor changes. It was first drawn, as noted, by the Warsaw artist Validslav Levinsky. Editions were subsequent published in Poland and Paris. It is unclear which hold primacy or if they were published simultaneously. A second edition followed in both countries. The present example, identified as a 'Nouvelle Edition' was published by Delandre. All French editions were drawn by B. Crété, a known artist active in Paris during the early 19th century. All editions are quite rare.

item#: 5252924_1620__M03

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