This impressive 1811 map of the European part of Russia is beautifully engraved in the minimalist English style pioneered in the early part of the 19th century. In 1815 Tsarist Russia emerged from the Napoleonic Wars economically insolvent and politically fearful of the Revolutionary fervor that had just swept through Europe. Russia entered into the Holy Alliance with Austria, another internally threatened monarchy, in the hopes of preserving the status quo. In order to shore up Russia's economic position, the Tsars began an aggressive series of expansions into the Caucuses and Asia that would vastly increase the landmass of the Russian Empire. Pinkerton maps are known for their stunning color, awe inspiring size, and magnificent detail. Pinkerton's work, including this map, represents some of the finest cartographic art of the 19th century. Relief is shown by hachure with towns, cities, and major topographical features identified. Engraved by Samuel Neele in 1811 and issued John Pinkerton's 1813 edition of the Modern Atlas..