Historic Map : Henry Salt Map of Annesley Bay (Gulf of Zula, Bay of Ar - Historic Pictoric

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  • MUSEUM QUALITY INKS AND PAPER: Printed on thick 192gsm heavyweight matte paper with archival giclee inks, this historic fine art will decorate your wall for years to come.
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  • ATTENTION TO DETAIL: We edit every antique map for image quality, color and vibrance, so it can look its best while retaining historical character. Makes a great gift!
  • FRAME READY: Your unframed poster will arrive crease-free, rolled in a sturdy mailing tube. Many maps fit easy-to-find standard size frames 16x20, 16x24, 18x24, 24x30, 24x36, saving on custom framing.
  • Watermarks will not appear in the printed picture. Some blemishes, tears, or stamps may be removed from the final print.

A scarce and important 1810 Henry Salt nautical chart or maritime map of Annesley Bay (Gulf of Zula, Bay of Arafali), Eritrea, Africa. The bay is located about 30 miles south of the modern day Eritrean city of Massawa. The map covers the bay in some detail as well as the surrounding shores, villages, and topography. Salt visited Annesley Bay while on a diplomatic mission to Ethiopia to pursue his personal quest for the lost city of Adulis, something of an obsession he shared with his patron Arthur Annesley, the Viscount Valentia, for whom he renamed the bay. Adulis was the primary port for the Ain xumite Kingdom (c. 100–940 AD), a once powerful empire centered around the modern day Ethiopian city of Ain xum. Annesley and Salt would have been aware of Adulis from their classical studies as it features prominently in many ancient Red Sea periploi. The exact location of the city was lost in the Middle Ages. Salt was exceptionally astute in recognizing that the term 'Azoole,' used by Red Sea islanders to refer to the Annesley Bay region, was most likely a derivation of 'Adulis.' Today Salt is credited with discovering Adulis; nevertheless, although he correctly identified the general region where it must have been situated, the lost city itself consistently eluded him. In the end, Salt abandoned his search believing that the ancient city must lie inaccessible beneath the bay. It was not until some thirty years later that a French mission under Vignaud and Petit actually discovered the ruined city on the western shore of the bay, a curiously blank region Salt has here labeled 'Cote basse et Plate.' This map was drawn by Henry Salt and Captain Thomas Weatherhead. The present example was prepared to illustrate the 1816 French edition of Salt's Voyage to Abyssinia.

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