This is Karl von Spruner's 1854 historical map of upper and central Italy under the Hohenstaufen. The map covers all Italy from the Trentino-Alto Adige region to Lazio. An inset map on the bottom left corner details the area of Milan (Mayland). The map depicts a time when Italy was ruled by the House of Hohenstaufen. The whole is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship of the Perthes firm. Prepared by Karl Spruner for publication as plate It III in the second edition of Justus Perthes' 1854 Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit.