This is an attractive 1750 map by Robert de Vaugondy depicting central Italy and regions of Tuscany, the Papal States and the Island of Corsica. It covers from Ferrara and Parma south to Terracina. Several important towns, cities, roads, rivers, lakes and other topographical features are noted, with elevation beautifully rendered.This map shows the Italian peninsula prior to its struggle for national solidarity which would emerge as a movement about 50 years later in the early 19th century. The peninsula was divided into numerous independent states, duchies, republics, kingdoms and, of course, the Papal States (States of the Church).A beautifully illustrated title cartouche adorns the top right quadrant of the map. This map was drawn by Robert de Vaugondy in 1750 and published in the 1757 issue of his Atlas Universal. The Atlas Universal was one of the first atlases based upon actual surveys. Therefore, this map is highly accurate (for the period) and has most contemporary town names correct.